A sneak peek on my damask (new project for my textile design class) and testing shibori. • Damask (Arabic: دمسق) is a
reversible figured fabric
of silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibres, with a
pattern formed by weaving.
Damasks are woven with one warp
yarn and one weft
yarn, usually with the pattern in warp-faced satin weave and the ground
in weft-faced or sateen
weave. Twill damasks include a twill-woven
ground or pattern. • The production of damask used one of the five basic
weaving techniques of the Byzantine
and Islamic weaving centers of
the early Middle Ages.
Damasks derive their name from the city of Damascus - in that period
a large city active both in trading (as part of the silk road) and in
manufacture. Damasks became scarce after the ninth century outside of Islamic Spain, but were
revived in some places in the thirteenth century. The word "damask"
first appeared in records in a Western European language in the mid-14th
century in French. By the fourteenth century damasks were being woven on draw looms in Italy. From
the fourteenth to the sixteenth century, most damasks were woven in a single
colour, with a glossy warp-faced satin pattern against a duller ground.
Two-colour damasks had contrasting colour warps and wefts, and polychrome
damasks added gold and other metallic threads or additional colours as
wefts. Medieval damasks were usually woven in silk, but weavers also produced wool and linen damasks. • Modern
damasks are woven on computerized Jacquard looms. Damask
weaves are commonly produced in monochromatic (single-colour) weaves in silk,
linen or synthetic fibres such as rayon and feature patterns of flowers, fruit,
and other designs. The long floats of satin-woven warp and weft threads cause
soft highlights on the fabric which reflect light differently according to the
position of the observer. Damask weaves appear most commonly in table linens
and furnishing fabrics, but also in clothing. • I'm not very happy with the shibori yet, the colors came out very pale, I need to continue testing.